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The Curriculum

The Foundation Stage follows the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum that is the statutory curriculum for all children from birth to 5 years, provided by the Department for Children, Schools and Families.

The Curriculum is divided into three Prime Areas: Personal, Social and Emotional Development, Physical Development, Communication and Language and four Specific areas: Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the World, Expressive Arts and Design.

Each area provides expectations for a child's development within age brackets culminating in an early learning goal. Staff use the curriculum to help track each child's progress throughout their time in Nursery and Reception. Children work towards being able to achieve these early learning goals by the end of their Reception year in school.

Although the statements are broken down into age brackets, it is important to remember that children develop at their own rates and in their own. The development statements and their order should not be taken as necessary steps for individual children. They should not be used as a checklist. The age/stage bands overlap because these are not fixed age boundaries but suggest a typical range of development.



Prime Areas

Specific Areas

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

  • Self-confidence and self-awareness
  • Managing feelings and behaviour
  • Making relationships


  • Reading
  • Writing

Physical development

  • Moving and Handling
  • Health and Self-Care


  • Number
  • Shape, Space and Measure

Communication and Language

  • Listening and attention
  • Understanding
  • Speaking

Understanding the World

  • People and Communities
  • The World
  • Technology

Expressive Arts and Design

  • Exploring and using media and materials
  • Being Imaginative
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